Há temores de que as máquinas inteligentes e a automatização representem uma ameaça potencialmente maior para um amplo contingente de empregos de salários baixos ou médios. Isso deriva da preocupação de que a substituição do trabalho por máquinas dos últimos 15 anos tenha contribuído para um aumento da desigualdade em quase todos os países e para a estagnação dos salários reais médios em cerca de metade das economias avançadas.
Professor Ian Goldin is the founding Director of the Oxford Martin School at the University of Oxford and the Oxford University Professor of Globalisation and Development. The Oxford Martin School is the leading centre of interdisciplinary research on key global challenges with over 400 Oxford researchers drawn from over 20 disciplines. Goldin was until 2006 Vice President of the World Bank and the Bank’s Director of Policy. From 1996 to 2001 Ian was Chief Executive and Managing Director of the Development Bank of Southern Africa and adviser to President Nelson Mandela. During this period, Goldin accompanied President Mandela on numerous state visits, served on several Government committees and Boards and was Finance Director for South Africa's Olympic Bid. Previously, Goldin was Principal Economist at the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) in London, and Program Director at the OECD Development Centre in Paris, where he directed the Programs on Trade, Environment and Sustainable Development. Born in South Africa, Goldin has a BA (Hons) and a BSc from the University of Cape Town, an MSc from the London School of Economics, and a MA and Doctorate from the University of Oxford. He has published 16 books, the most recent of which are "Globalisation for Development: Meeting New Challenges" (Oxford University Press, 2012), described by Nobel Laureate Joseph Stiglitz as “essential reading”, and his widely acclaimed, "Exceptional People: How Migration Shaped our World and Will Define our Future" (Princeton University Press, 2011). His forthcoming “Divided Nations: Why global governance is failing, and what we can do about it” (Oxford University Press, 2013) and “Globalization and Systemic Risk” (Princeton University Press, 2013) are currently in press. Professor Goldin has made wide ranging contributions to development, for which he has been knighted by the French Government and nominated Global Leader of Tomorrow by the World Economic Forum. He is a Trustee of Comic Relief, the Overseas Development Institute and other institutions. He is highly sought after as an advisor and public speaker with his TED and other talks receiving widespread recognition.
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